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Responsible lending : export credit agencies as drivers of human rights

This book chapter explores the functions performed by export credit agencies (ECAs) in the international trade and finance sector. Pursuant to international standards, ECAs should foster responsible business conduct abroad. However, national law typically puts export promotion at the forefront of the concerns. The drawback of the strong focus on export promotion is that this approach may leave human rights due diligence and environmental aspects behind. The main argument of this book chapter is that it is not sufficient for national law to make a reference to human rights and the environment as a secondary objective. The risk is that non-financial considerations may be overshadowed by national interests in supporting the competitiveness of the export industry. Therefore, this book chapter concludes that national jurisdictions should adopt binding rules that account for the key role that government-supported ECAs should play as a driving force to the protection of human rights and the environment.

Consulter
In: Ilias Bantekas and Michael Ashley Stein (eds), Cambridge Companion to Business & Human Rights. - Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2021. - p. 359-379

Trois modèles de contrôle des investissements transfrontaliers : accent sur la portée extensive de la sécurité publique à travers la protection des technologies critiques

À l’ère du patriotisme économique, la libre circulation des capitaux rencontre des limitations de plus en plus étendues. De nombreuses juridictions ont mis en œuvre des régimes de contrôle des investissements étrangers justifiés par la sécurité nationale. Cette contribution analyse trois approches distinctes, à savoir le mécanisme administratif prévu aux États-Unis, le régime à plusieurs vitesses de l’Union européenne, ainsi que l’approche libérale prévalant en droit suisse.

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Revue suisse de droit des affaires et du marché financier, 2020, vol. 92, no. 4, p. 419-434